IS ISLAM A RELIGION COMPOSED OF BORROWINGS FROM JUDAISM AND CHRISTIANITY?

ARTICLE/ HIKMET ZEYVELI

The argument that the content of the Qur’an is composed of borrowings from other religious and historical texts is proposed as a generally accepted truth by some radical enemies of Islam.

Names located to this claim in Turkey are Turan Dursun, İlhan Arsel and some others like them.

 

We leave them with their own ignorance because any effort to prove that claims of these names are nothing but unscientific libel motivated by hostility will be attributing them importance.)

And within foreign scholars, while there exist some orientalists who may be taken seriously to some extend in some issues such as Arthur Jeffery, Richard Bell; there are many unqualified and prejudiced writers who get involved the discussions. In this piece, I will examine an argument from the book

The Truth about Muhammad: Founder of the World’s Most Intolerant Religion

by Robert Spencer[1], who is promoted as “New York Times Best Selling Author” as an example of prejudiced approach.[2]

According to the author of the book, [the Prophet] Muhammad composed the scripture of the Qur’an with borrowings from religions such as Judaism, Christianity, Zoroastrianism, and Hinduism.)

Here is one of the examples that the writer claims to be “borrowed from Judaism”:

The verse 32 of Surah Mâidah is taken from Mishnah, Sanhedrin 37a (iv-5).

As it is known, one of the two sons of Adam, who killed the other unjustly, is quoted from verse 32 following Mâidah 5:27-31:

مِنْ أَجْلِ ذَلِكَ كَتَبْنَا عَلَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنَّهُ مَنْ قَتَلَ نَفْسًا بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ أَوْ فَسَادٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَتَلَ النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا وَمَنْ أَحْيَاهَا فَكَأَنَّمَا أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا (…)

[1] Robert Spencer, The Truth About Muhammed – Founder of the World’s Most Intolerant Religion, Washington, 2006.

[2] İbid, p. 48-50

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